Some heart-related problems need surgery. Surgery addresses heart problems like heart failure, faulty heart valves, plaque build-up that blocks blood flow, and abnormal heart rhythms. Surgery can repair or replace heart valves and regulate the heart’s blood flow. It also helps to implant devices that support heart function and controls the heartbeat.
Any cardiac hospital in Kolkata has highly trained and specialized cardiac surgeons who help people manage problems related to the heart. Heart surgery relieves heart problems and helps a person live for many years. Heart surgeries range from minimally invasive procedures to complex open-heart surgery.
What is open-heart surgery?
In open-heart surgery, the surgeon opens the chest wall to access the heart easily. The surgeon cuts through the sternum and spreads the ribs to reach the heart and the surrounding blood vessels. The heart is attached to a heart-lung bypass machine to circulate blood through the body during the surgery.
The heart beats on its own after the surgery. The coronary artery bypass grafting surgery is done with the heart beating on its own.
Open heart surgeries are done to:
- Repair or replace heart valves
- Repair damaged areas of the heart
- Implant medical devices
- Replace damaged heart
Types of heart surgery
Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG)
CABG is a common heart surgery in which the surgeon takes a healthy vein or artery from another part and connects it to supply blood to the coronary artery that is blocked. The grafted vein or artery bypasses the blocked artery and creates a new pathway to the heart for blood flow.
Insertion of a pacemaker
A pacemaker is an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator. Arrhythmia is a condition that makes the heartbeat too slow, too fast, or with an irregular rhythm. Doctors try to rectify it using medications, and if it fails, a surgeon may implant a pacemaker.
It is put under the skin of the chest with wires connected to the heart chambers. It has a sensor to detect abnormal heart rhythms and uses an electrical shock to restore the rhythm.
Heart valve repair or replacement
The heart has four valves that are repaired or replaced when damaged. Surgeons prefer to repair a valve instead of replacing it. Repairing a valve helps the patient avoid using blood thinners for a long time or catching an infection after surgery. Valves are replaced using mechanical valves, tissue valves, or valves donated by another person.
A heart transplant removes a diseased heart and replaces it with a healthy heart from a deceased donor. It is done only when there is no way to repair the damage to the heart. It is performed in the case of heart failure or severe coronary artery disease.
Recovery time after heart surgery
The recovery time after heart surgery depends on the type of surgery and the patient’s health condition. Six to eight weeks are needed for the sternum and heart muscles to heal. Doctors prescribe medications and follow-up appointments help them monitor the patients.
The incision area is kept clean and monitored for signs of infection.
Doctors advise patients to resume physical activity gradually, and light exercises are recommended to improve heart and lung functions. People need time to recover and regain strength completely.
Cardiac hospital in Kolkata meets the needs of cardiac patients and help them live a satisfying life. The heart constantly beats, making heart surgery more challenging than other surgeries. However, heart surgery gives a new life to people and relieves them from distressing heart problems.